Pharaoh Hound - The National Animal Of Malta

A rare breed of dog, the Pharaoh Hound is the national hound of Malta. A popular myth holds that the breed is descended from the Tesem, one of the ancient Egyptian hunting dogs.
Jun 30, 2017, 4:40 pm ISTAnimalsLoveAnimals Staff
Pharaoh Hound
  Pharaoh Hound

The name Pharaoh Hound will make you think that the animal hails from Egypt; even myth holds that the breed descended from Egypt, however based on DNA analysis, the breed has no link with Ancient Egypt. The native name of Pharoah Hound is Kelb tal-Fenek.

The story of the term ‘Pharaoh Hound’ begins long before breeding activities, with the Kelb tal-Fenek, started to take place outside Malta. Even in the early years of the 20th century, hunters and canine experts from Switzerland and Germany showed an interest in the prick eared, sighthound-like hunting dogs from the Spanish Balearic and Canary Islands (Podenco Ibicenco and Podenco Canario). Due to the resemblance of their sighthound-like appearance, their long, elegant head and their prick ears similar to the depictions of 'Anubis' (ancient Egyptian God of the Death) and the 'Tesem' (sighthound-like type of dogs from ancient Egypt), German speaking Cynologists soon created the term 'Pharaonenhund', to be translated as Pharaoh Dog or - Pharaoh Hound.  A popular myth holds that the breed is descended from the Tesem, one of the ancient Egyptian hunting dogs. Some believe that there are similarities between the breed and images of dogs found on the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs. This myth proposes that the Pharaoh Hound was brought by the Phoenicians to Malta, where it has existed for over 2,000 years.

Pharaoh Hounds tend to weigh up to 45-55 pounds on average. The coat is fine and short with no feathering. The Pharaoh Hound is independent-minded, highly intelligent, and occasionally stubborn, yet very trainable when positive methods are used. It is a very sensitive breed and responds poorly to compulsory training methods and to being physically punished.  Pharaohs were bred to hunt and think for themselves, and they have retained this trait.

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